Neshoba County School District consists of three schools: Neshoba Central Elementary, Neshoba Central Middle School, and Neshoba Central High School. The three schools are located on one campus, but in separate building complexes. A new High School is under construction and will be located on the same campus as the existing buildings. The bus barn and maintenance office is located at the back of the campus next to the baseball and softball complex.
The District office, which houses the Office of the Superintendent of Education, and the Business and Finance offices, is located inside the Neshoba County Courthouse on the square in Philadelphia, Mississippi. The total student population for the school district is 3391, as of April 2016.